Cases of Violence in children is increasing, both quantitatively and qualitatively, both physical violence by parents, families, educators, infant and child abduction, child trafficking (trafficking), abortion, and violence in the form of exploitation (prostitution, sexual assault / sodomy, service forced labor, slavery, oppression, extortion, physical utilization, organ sales, dealer / kuris drug), to psychological violence in the form of insults, curses and neglect (neglect).
During the first quarter of 2010 just happened a few incidents of violence against children in succession. In Depok West Java, a teacher of the Koran abuse 3 santrinya with hard water. In North Jakarta, a mutilated homosexuality and pedophile has 3 children. In Tangerang a mother smothered her baby aged 9 months to death. Finally, KPAI receive reports of violence committed by an elementary school teacher in South Jakarta, to a student so that the victim was traumatized and did not enter school. Previously reported in Semarang lost a baby kidnapped from hospital areas, as well a other baby was abducted from PHC Kembangan, West Jakarta, and a few days ago in early July 2010 in Bogor, a maternity clinic PH, do the parenting babies expected to be traded and the case is being handled KPAI and Bogor Police on infant birth mother report page.?
For this Pediatricians should certainly be a concern because we are including health workers who every day must protect children from various situations so that children can grow and develop (Growth And Development) reaches maturity, its survival awake (Child survival), and free from violence, discrimination and exploitation. Role of Pediatricians is very important considering the cases of child abuse-kasu happen around us. Karennya health ministry in collaboration with PP Indonesian Pediatric Association (Task Force Child protection) are putting together two panduman for health personnel in the newborn special protections based Treatment Guidelines for Child Rights and Child Violence in the health center and hospital for health workers to report personnel and the Mandatory Health which handle cases of violence on children.
Facts Violence against children seems to never stop and difficult to stop. This phenomenon was not confined to Indonesia, but also occurs in all countries in the world. In October 2006, the Secretary-General of the United Nations (UN) published the results of Study on Violence against Children, which revealed the scale of various forms of violence experienced by children around the world continue to increase, so that the UN called for strengthening the commitment and action at national and local level by all Heads of State.
Tends to increase
In Indonesia alone, the numbers of violence against children never showed declining numbers, the tendency is always to increase, both in terms of quantity and quality. Difficult to obtain exact numbers because many cases go unreported violence, especially if the violence occurred in the household. Many people think, is domestic violence in domestic affairs, so that should not be an outsider, even law enforcement intervened.
Some scattered data can be a picture how eskalatifnya violence against children in the homeland. World Vision is doing the data collection to various areas to find the number of cases of violence during the years 1891, 2009, in the year 2008 there were only 1600. Compilation of the 9 National newspaper found 670 digits of violence against children during the year 2009, while the year 2008 as many as 555 cases. Complaints of child abuse from the public that data directly into KPAI year 2008 there were 580 cases and in 2009 there were 595 cases, not including the report via e-mail and telephone. From the Criminal Investigation Police, during the 2009 outbreaks of violence against children as much as 621 that processed up to stage P-21 and decided that pengadilan.Sementara Unicef, PP IDAI and health ministry has finished preparing Recording and Reporting of Violence in children in health facilities, but has not been socialized ditahun new health facilities throughout 2011 will be the mobilization and expansion of health centers and hospitals able to handle violent children, the target of each regency / municipality there are 2 centers are capable of and all hospitals have an integrated crisis center for Women and Children. PP IDAI Task Force on child protection, has accepted the proposal in charge of child protection in each branch and will be trained in the last trimester of 2010 and early 2011.
With the establishment of health centers and hospitals are able to deal with child abuse and there are members who are trained IDAI hopefully the child protection system in Indonesia can be more steady.
The main task of an integrated crisis center at the Health Center and Hospital is to handle all cases of violence occurring in the environment as part perasyaratan a decent city children. Compulsory reporting of health workers who deal with child abuse, if there are cases of children who we serve, then the officer shall promptly report cases to the Police they will in this case women and children protection unit in the Police / Regional Police and the Police. If not reported the threats of sanction, the Minister of Health circular which immediately circulated as a follow-up article 108 of the Penal Code and Law No. 23/2002 child protection.
Child abuse data
Because of the difficulty of obtaining valid data from the entire country, then KPAI together all the stakeholders agree, mainly the Ministry of Health, began in 2010, will make the health centers and hospitals as the database of violence against children. A workshop is being prepared to establish the sensitivity of health workers in places where health services and create a mechanism for rapid and accurate reporting. Hopefully, the future does not need the victim to report, if a doctor or health center patients suspected victims of violence will be reported to the authorities authorities, because many child victims of violence do not dare to submit a report because he was under pressure and threats.